24 Oct

ferdinand i, holy roman emperor

Thus, in 1536 the Hungarian Diet decided that a new place for coronation of the king as well as a meeting place for the Diet itself would be set in Pressburg. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Initially he followed Charles’s policies almost unquestioningly. Due to lengthy debate and bureaucratic procedure, the Imperial Diet did not accept the Imperial succession until 3 May 1558. Ferdinand was familiar with, and to, the other princes of the Holy Roman Empire. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ferdinand-I-Holy-Roman-emperor, The Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online - Biography of Ferdinand I. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. After the death of his brother–in–law Louis II, Ferdinand ruled as King of Bohemia, Hungary (1526–1564).

He was Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526. Vos articles vus récemment et vos recommandations en vedette. Vous écoutez un extrait de l'édition audio Audible, Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor: House of Habsburg, Habsburg Monarchy, Holy Roman Emperor, Monarchy of Spain, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. [1][3] Ferdinand also served as his brother's deputy in the Holy Roman Empire during his brother's many absences, and in 1531 was elected King of the Romans, making him Charles's designated heir in the empire. Ferdinand was also a patron of the arts. Each was elected by a rival faction, and Hungary remained divided among Ferdinand, Zápolya, and the Ottoman Empire. Suleiman marched into Hungary (see Siege of Buda (1541)) and not only drove Ferdinand out of central Hungary, he forced Ferdinand to agree to pay tribute for his lands in western Hungary.[11]. Ferdinand returned in command of his brother's fleet but en route was blown off-course and spent four days in Kinsale in Ireland before reaching his destination. Charles's choices were appropriate. Ferdinand I (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was a Central European monarch from the House of Habsburg.

Ferdinand I (Spanish: Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1556, king of Bohemia and Royal Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death in 1564. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, 1503-1564. Omissions? Afficher ou modifier votre historique de navigation, Recyclage (y compris les équipements électriques et électroniques), Annonces basées sur vos centres d’intérêt. Some of them even went to war against the Empire, and many Bohemian (German or Czech) Protestants or Utraquists sympathized with them.[15].

The Turks failed to take Vienna in 1529 but threatened Austria again in 1532 and 1541. "Vienna, a Habsburg capital redocorated in classical style: the entry of Maximilian II as King of the Romans in 1563". He centralized his administration, revoked many urban privileges and confiscated properties. Ferdinand also had the support of his brother, the Emperor Charles V. On 10 November 1526, John Zápolya was proclaimed king by a Diet at Székesfehérvár, John Zápolya was elected in the parliament by the untitled lesser nobility (gentry). [13] Out of all his countries, the depleted Kingdom of Hungary was, at that time, Ferdinand's largest source of revenue.
Its German population was composed of Catholics and Lutherans. The most perilous of these was the war with France, which implicated the emperor in a constantly shifting balance of alliances…. After the death of his brother-in-law Louis II, Ferdinand ruled as King of Bohemia and Hungary (1526–1564). This led to the most dangerous moment of Ferdinand's career, in 1529, when Suleiman took advantage of this Hungarian support for a massive but ultimately unsuccessful assault on Ferdinand's capital: the Siege of Vienna, which sent Ferdinand to refuge in Bohemia.

Ferdinand's motto was Fiat justitia et pereat mundus: "Let justice be done, though the world perish". In foreign affairs Ferdinand was no less successful. Thus Royal Hungary and Transylvania went to Ferdinand, who agreed to recognise John II Sigismund as vassal Prince of Transylvania and betrothed one of his daughters to him. Veuillez réessayer.

Il analyse également les commentaires pour vérifier leur fiabilité. During the Ottoman wars the territory of the former Kingdom of Hungary shrunk by around 70%. Ferdinand defeated Zápolya at the Battle of Tarcal in September 1527 and again in the Battle of Szina in March 1528.

They were supported by different factions of the nobility in the Hungarian kingdom. Ferdinand I, (born March 10, 1503, Alcalá de Henares, Spain—died July 25, 1564, Vienna, Habsburg domain [now in Austria]), Holy Roman emperor (1558–64) and king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, who, with his Peace of Augsburg (1555), concluded the era of religious strife in Germany following the rise of Lutheranism by recognizing the right of territorial princes to determine the religion of their subjects. Charles abdicated as Emperor in August 1556 in favor of his brother Ferdinand. [8] In return for the throne, Archduke Ferdinand promised to respect the historic rights, freedoms, laws and customs of the Croats when they united with the Hungarian kingdom and to defend Croatia from Ottoman invasion. Impossible d'ajouter l'article à votre liste. by the higher aristocracy (the magnates or barons) and the Hungarian Catholic clergy in a rump Diet in Pozsony on 17 December 1526.

By adopting the German language and culture late in his life, he also grew close to the German territorial princes. [20] Some historians maintain Ferdinand had also been touched by the reformed philosophies, and was probably the closest the Holy Roman Empire ever came to a Protestant emperor; he remained nominally a Catholic throughout his life, although reportedly he refused last rites on his deathbed. This allowed him to increase his power in this realm. In 1549, he agreed to support Ferdinand's claim, and Imperial armies marched into Transylvania. Livraison accélérée gratuite sur des millions d’articles, et bien plus. [24], Charles' abdication had far-reaching consequences in imperial diplomatic relations with France and the Netherlands, particularly in his allotment of the Spanish kingdom to Philip. According to the Augsburg agreement, their religious beliefs remained heretical.[20]. Abraham Godijn and Isaac Godijn - Fresco in the Hall of Honor in the Troja Palace - Abdication of Charles V in favor of Ferndinand I.jpeg 1,103 × 289; 405 KB.

[17] At the conference, which opened on 5 February, Ferdinand cajoled, persuaded and threatened the various representatives into agreement on three important principles promulgated on 25 September: After 1555, the Peace of Augsburg became the legitimating legal document governing the co-existence of the Lutheran and Catholic faiths in the German lands of the Holy Roman Empire, and it served to ameliorate many of the tensions between followers of the "Old Faith" (Catholicism) and the followers of Luther, but it had two fundamental flaws. Ferdinand invaded Hungary, but the regent, Frater George Martinuzzi, Bishop of Várad, called on the Ottomans for protection.

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