24 Oct

how potatoes grow

Potatoes are a member of the nightshade (Solanum) family of plants, a group that contains a number of important food vegetables, including tomatoes, eggplant, and peppers. When the plant is in flower, the new potatoes are generally ready to harvest.
“Let it dry out a bit first.
The potatoes themselves are called “tubers” and they grow on a stem called a “stolon.” The main stems, which grow above ground (that’s how gardeners can easily find their potato plants), are bright green and produce non-edible flowers. Every couple of weeks, give them a feeding with diluted liquid fertilizer or fish emulsion. The tubers need to be protected from the sun if they grow near the surface or they will turn green. Cover each potato with about three inches of soil. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors.

Do this a couple days before you plant. The soil needs to be loose and well-draining. Once you have your seeds potatoes, you can cut them into smaller pieces—just make sure each piece has at least one “eye,” or bud. Sign up for our daily newsletter, Well Done, for expert cooking tips and foolproof recipes from your favorite food brands. To create this article, 13 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. Once they have died down, the potatoes are ready for storage. The best part is you can grow your own. Growing potatoes is surprisingly easy—but you’ve got to know what you’re doing: Unlike many vegetables, potatoes thrive in darkness—that’s why they grow underground.

Potatoes should not be planted until the soil temperature reaches at least 40 degrees Fahrenheit, and preferably 50 degrees. You can harvest a few of these without harm to the plant once the plant reaches about 1 foot in height—about 50 days after planting. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, How to Grow Organic Potatoes in Your Garden, 10 Root Vegetables You Can Successfully Grow, Best and Worst Companion Plants for Potatoes, Propagating and Growing Sweet Potatoes in Pots, How to Get Rid of Colorado Potato Beetle Infestations Organically, How to Grow Organic Potatoes in Containers, How to Grow and Care for Alligator Juniper, How to Grow Organic Sweet Potatoes in Your Garden, Heirloom Potato Varieties for Your Organic Garden, Early Season Tomatoes: Tips and Recommended Varieties. Grow your potatoes in soil with an acidic pH between 5.0 and 6.0. If you make a purchase using the links included, we may earn commission. Seed potatoes can be planted whole or cut into pieces, with each piece containing an eye or two (or three).

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