24 Oct

vj day

As Europe celebrated the surrender of German forces on VE Day, thousands of British, Commonwealth and Allied Armed Forces personnel were still involved in bitter fighting in the Far East. “(Halsey) therefore felt free to take his main force north against the Japanese carriers. “However, the historical record is also clear that part of the motive was to intimate the Soviets and lay down a marker for the post-war world.”, “Killing 50 to 90 percent of the people of 67 Japanese cities (the number firebombed by LeMay), and then bombing them with two nuclear bombs, was not proportional, in the minds of some people, to the objectives we were trying to achieve.”. VJ Day 75 Notebook. As it happens, McNamara served under LeMay as an intelligence officer, and one of the lessons he draws from this wartime experience is that ‘Proportionality should be a guideline in war’: “In order to win a war should you kill 100,000 people in one night … ? Many members of "The Greatest Generation" who fought in World War II are still living, though their numbers are dwindling rather rapidly. Based out of Sydney, it was one of the largest Royal Naval fleets ever put together, replete with battleships, multiple aircraft carriers, cruisers and other warships, subs and support vessels. Many communities have cemeteries with designated areas for military veterans. The results were most successful, considerable damage was achieved by the set-piece attacks; both refineries were put temporarily out action and neither recovered to full capacity before the end of the war.”, “The waste, the barrenness of the place … it was actually like a nightmare. What can be gleaned from those interviewed in The World At War is the basic opposing viewpoints, and how much these overlapped each other. It was the closest thing you could see to hell. Holiday survey data is powered by TOP Agency, [fbl_login_button redirect="/email-confirmed/?signup=fb" hide_if_logged="" size="large" type="login_with" show_face="true" onlogin="fbl_loginCheck" scope="email,public_profile" use-continue-as="true" auto-logout-link="false"],

Sommerville, pointing to similar opposing arguments, states that: “There is no doubt that Truman’s decision to use the bomb was made in large part in the hope that it would spare lives by making Japan surrender”. Had the invasion of Japan commenced in August of 1945 and run into 1946: “Casualty estimates (for it) varied widely, but typical figures were 400,000 Allied dead [including significant British Empire forces, not just Americans] and more than ten times that number of Japanese.”.

VE Day marks the end of World War II in Europe, VJ Day signals the end of the World War II in its entirety, when Japan finally surrendered..

Since then, V-J Day has not been officially commemorated in any other state.[43].

There was much joy and celebration around the world when on 15th August 1945 US President Harry S Truman declared the day as Victory over Japan Day, at a White House press conference. He was there by right with his flagship, HMS Duke of York, close by allowing him to act as host to notable allied leaders.”, “In retrospect the BPF can be seen as a role model for the seamless integration of the Commonwealth Navies to achieve a strategic result greater than the sum of their individual contributions. Whatever the payload, the method of delivery was essentially, terrifyingly, singular: a pilot, trained as a suicide bomber, meant to take a one-way trip to the afterlife for the glory of country and emperor as he slammed his diving plane into Allied ships. MacArthur’s efforts on land, pushing into Japanese-occupied territory from Australia first into New Guinea (where fighting continued into 1945), would eventually converge with Nimitz’s armada, of which the BPF became a part. everyone in skirts that happened along," with Life publishing photographs of such kisses in Washington, Kansas City, Los Angeles, and Miami. In fact, given the fanaticism of many Japanese soldiers and their harsh treatment of their POWs, it was arguably more so. Sommerville explains the impetus for the Japanese attack: “Japan still had many big-gun ships, including the Yamato and Musashi, the largest battleships ever built. The 75th anniversary of VJ Day will be recognised on 15 August 2020 commemorating victory over Japan and the end of the Second World War.

One marine said: “You realise you’re going in to kill.

The Japanese government on August 10 communicated its intention to surrender under the terms of the Potsdam Declaration. Former Royal Navy Commander-cum-naval historian David Hobbs MBE has written that, from its inception, the fleet was: “Made up from elements throughout the British Empire (and) … was to be subordinate to American orders in action, using USN (United States Navy) signal procedures and codes.”. By the end of the battle, in February 1945, Sommerville explains that the “city was flattened and about 1,000 Americans and 16,000 Japanese died … along with probably 100,000 local civilians”. Force A was attacked by US carrier aircraft in the Sibuyan Sea; the Musashi was sunk by bombs and torpedoes. Victory over Japan Day had been a long time coming – learn about the gruelling campaign that led to it ….

But as well as the diverse range of personnel, and the casualties they bore, the Empire’s material contribution to the Pacific War was extensive.

It is organized by the Wireless Institute of Australia, with operators in each Australian state contacting operators in other states, New Zealand, and Papua New Guinea. window.fbAsyncInit = function() { Many of these men and women fought in World War II, so you can pay your respects with a visit and a moment of prayer, reflection or silence. The FAMG proved capable of carrying out nearly all the aircraft repair work needed by the BPF up to August 1945.”. Buy Now VJ Day 75 Bag. The Indonesian War of Independence lasted until 1949, with the Netherlands recognizing Indonesian sovereignty in late December of that year.

[4], In Chungking, Chinese fired firecrackers and "almost buried [Americans] in gratitude". In modern Russia, Victory over Japan Day (Russian: День победы над Японией) is considered a memorable date and is celebrated as one of many Days of Military Honour. But, at Robert McNamara points out so poignantly in the documentary ‘The Fog of War’, LeMay’s low-level firebombing raids were comparable in their level of destruction. It is also actively celebrated in parts of the United Kingdom. In 1945 the End of World War II was celebrated on Victory over Japan (VJ) Day. [25] Also an Australian Government 50th Anniversary Medal issued in 1995 has "VJ-Day" stamped on it. Good had triumphed over evil. V-J Day in Times Square is a photograph by Alfred Eisenstaedt that portrays a U.S. Navy sailor embracing and kissing a total stranger —a dental assistant—on Victory over Japan Day ("V-J Day") in New York City's Times Square on August 14, 1945. Allied soldiers in London danced in a conga line on Regent Street. The news of the war's end sparked a "coast-to-coast frenzy of [servicemen] kissing . “Thus, in the early hours of (October 25th), the old battleships of the Seventh Fleet triumphed in a night gun and torpedo battle in the Surigao Strait; two Japanese battleships were among the vessels sunk. To learn more about the British Pacific Fleet, read David Hobbs’ book, ‘The British Pacific Fleet: The Royal Navy’s Most Powerful Strike Force’, from Seaforth Publishing. Today, the History Channel and other popular TV broadcasting, plus many Hollywood films, and a ton of printed fiction and nonfiction popular literature, all still frequently feature the events of the European and Pacific Theaters of WWII as story material. The Canberra Times of August 14, 1945, refers to V-P Day celebrations, and a public holiday for V-P Day was gazetted by the government in that year according to the Australian War Memorial. xfbml : true, Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii without warning. The news of the Japanese offer began early celebrations around the world.

Victory over Japan Day is celebrated with duality in Mongolia. The Netherlands has one national and several regional or local remembrance services on or around August 15. [14] It has since been established that the woman in the Alfred Eisenstaedt photograph was actually a dental assistant named Greta Zimmer Friedman, who clarified in a later interview that "it wasn't my choice to be kissed. In subsequent years, it became a working day and no celebrations were held on this occasion.

window.fbl_started = true; As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, The Royal British Legion has taken the difficult decision not to continue with plans for our overseas tours to commemorate VJ Day. Ask around, and see if you can schedule a visit, perhaps to a home-care facility or VFW lodge. The Allies had won not just the war of production, but also the war of supply, swamping the Germans with better-equipped troops, who attacked under a screen of superior air cover. Porém, na década de 2010 chegou-se a conclusão que o marinheiro era George Mendonsa (1923-2019), que em 2012, encontrou-se com Greta Zimmer Friedman, balizando serem o casal da fotografia[2]. window.fbl_started ) Unfortunately for the Allies, the horror, stunningly bold self-sacrifice and extreme audacity of these attacks did not limit their deployment: “Around 500 kamikaze air attacks were made during the Philippine campaign and perhaps 2,000 during the fighting on Okinawa in 1945.”. On August 15 and 16, some Japanese soldiers, devastated by the surrender, committed suicide. For their part, it was useful for the Russians to delay their facilitation of peace between Japan and the US so as to permit their entry into the Pacific campaign, and expansion in the region. They had played a significant part in the most powerful demonstration of Sea Power in the modern era. Americans and Frenchmen in Paris paraded on the Champs-Élysées singing "Don't Fence Me In".

However, the nation and the western world were united.

On August 6th, the United States dropped the atomic bomb ‘little boy’ on Hiroshima and on August 9th, dropped the bomb name ‘fat man’ on Nagasaki. As the Thames Television series ‘The World at War’ explains: “In one day, Japanese naval airpower was virtually destroyed. No, Not That Nurse", "62 Years Later, a Kiss That Can't Be Forgotten", http://memory.loc.gov/diglib/vhp/story/loc.natlib.afc2001001.42863/transcript?ID=sr0001, "Potsdam Declaration: Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender Issued, at Potsdam, July 26, 1945", "Shoichi Yokoi, 82, Is Dead; Japan Soldier Hid 27 Years,", "September 3 declared holiday nationwide to commemorate Yamashita surrender", "PVAO recognizes Ifugao town for promoting valor and heroism of veterans", "Re-enactment of WWII episodes steal show during Victory Day Celebration in Ifugao", "В России предлагают учредить День победы над Японией", "День победы над милитаристской Японией - конец Второй Мировой Войны! It wasn’t over yet. We could destroy any target at will without much opposition. Another factor is the American refusal to accept that surrender with the Emperor still on the throne, and the fear by some that even if the Emperor himself did choose to surrender, he might be overthrown in a coup, and that only the dropping of the bombs would have made military leaders accept his acknowledgement of Japan’s defeat.

The principle was certainly vital in the Pacific, and not just for island-hopping marines. [1]. In 2014, the Chief Executive's Office announced that a commemoration ceremony would be held on September 3, in line with the "Victory Day of the Chinese people's war of resistance against Japanese aggression" in mainland China.[28]. Ela encontrou-se com George Mendonsa, o suposto marinheiro, em 2012 e faleceu em 2016.[4][5]. },100); accommodation in Shoreditch London, Junior Operations Manager required for 24 hour Ops Room. Ground forces had to push inland and take the capital, Manilla, the first assault on a major city by US forces in the campaign. Visit our website for further information.

The film and stills from it have taken on iconic status in Australian history and culture as a symbol of victory in the war.

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