who won the battle of el alamein
The Battle of El Alamein was primarily fought between two of the outstanding commanders of World War Two, Montgomery, who succeeded the dismissed Auchinleck, and Rommel. The infantry had to attack first. They were also armed with a six-pound artillery gun which was highly effective up to 1500 metres. To cope with Montgomery’s attack, the Germans had 110,000 men and 500 tanks. The Germans were also short of fuel. The First Battle of El Alamein begins. The engineers had to clear a five mile section through the ‘Devil’s Garden’. Places of Pride, the National Register of War Memorials, is a new initiative designed to record the locations and photographs of every publicly accessible memorial across Australia. This army comprised British, Australian, New Zealand, South African, and Indian troops. The Allies however had regrouped sufficiently to repulse the attack and make some counterattacks of their own. To the north of this apparently unremarkable town was the Mediterranean Sea and to the south was the Qattara Depression. He also lost over 450 tanks and 1,000 guns. The second night of the attack was also unsuccessful. Their 75 mm gun shot a 6lb shell that could penetrate a Panzer at 2000 metres. Your generous donation will be used to ensure the memory of our Defence Forces and what they have done for us, and what they continue to do for our freedom remains – today and into the future. Three major battles occurred around El Alamein between July and November 1942, and were the turning point of the war in North Africa. The main attack in the north was to last – according to Montgomery – just one night. But a sandstorm once again saved Rommel. The Allied commander at the time, Claude Auchinleck – did not command the same respect among his own men. He chose to shelter his force behind a deep and complex minefield - dubbed 'the Devil's Gardens' by the Germans - backed by strong anti-tank gun positions. Churchill, despite his status, faced the prospect of a vote of no confidence in the House of Commons if there was no forthcoming victory anywhere. In such flat, open terrain, taking cover usually meant scraping shallow holes out of the sometimes hard and rocky ground. Rommel, wanting to maintain the pressure made another thrust on 1 July, hoping to dislodge Eighth Army from the Alamein position and open the way to Cairo and Suez. Between the two armies was the ‘Devil’s Garden’. With the Axis forces stubbornly holding their lines intact, Montgomery worried that his offensive was becoming bogged down. This provided good observation of the enemy and an excellent position from which to launch further offensives. By the end of June, Rommel had forced the Allies back deep into Egypt, and the capture of Cairo and the Suez Canal seemed a very real possibility. Read more. Montgomery restructured the 8th Army, bringing in new divisions and generals and lifting the army's morale with his bold fighting talk - declaring among other things that he would 'hit Rommel for six out of Africa'. If the Afrika Korps got to the Suez Canal, the ability of the Allies to supply themselves would be severely dented. He only had 300 tanks left to the Allies 900+. When he received the news, Churchill was furious as he believed that Montgomery was letting victory go. The infantry units cleared the way for the armoured divisions, and Rommel, his army depleted and his petrol almost finished, decided the battle was lost. The infantry successfully captured most of their objectives; however, the tanks were unable to follow through and continue the thrust. Both now took time over the next few days to reorganise and lick their wounds. Each stretch of land cleared of mines was to be 24 feet – just enough to get a tank through in single file. Managed by Caboodle UX design studio in London, Citation: C N Trueman "The Battle of El Alamein", The Battle of El Alamein, fought in the deserts of, El Alamein is 150 miles west of Cairo. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. As the infantry attacked, engineers had to clear a path for the tanks coming up in the rear. Use this login for Shop items, and image, film, sound reproductions, throughout Australia. Three major battles occurred around El Alamein between July and November 1942, and were the turning point of the war in North Africa. Between the two armies was the ‘Devil’s Garden’. El Alamein was a last stand for the Allies in North Africa. ‘Monty’ had a simple message for his troops on the eve of the battle: However, Rommel and the Afrika Korps had also been suffering. Gunners of 2/8th Australian Field Regiment firing a 25-pounder during the July battle. In this last and desperate attempt to oust the Allies from the Alamein line, German and Italian armoured forces massed in the southern sector and made a sweeping hook that drove the Allies back to the Alam el Halfa Ridge. But the overwhelming number of Allied tanks meant that more arrived to help out and it was these tanks that tipped the balance. North Africa Campaign: During World War II, Nazi Germany launched a military campaign to take control of Egypt and the Suez Canal from Great Britain. When Rommel attacked, Montgomery was asleep. The Allies had more than 200,000 men and more than 1000 tanks. By the summer of 1942, the Allies were in trouble throughout Europe. Lt Gen Morshead, 9th Division Commander, is standing to his right, facing the camera. The victory also persuaded the French to start cooperating in the North African campaign. By August 1942, only 33% of what Rommel needed was getting through to him. 10 am to 5 pm daily (except Christmas Day), Get your ticket to visit: awm.gov.au/visit. There was heavy fighting and the 8th Army slowly ground its way forward. Rommel became convinced that the main thrust of Montgomery’s attack would. The 300 ‘Monty’ had were invaluable. The Battle of El Alamein begins On July 1, 1942, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel is brought to a standstill in the battle for control of North Africa. To resolve what could only become a more difficult situation, Rommel decided to attack quickly even if he was not well-equipped. The Australian 9th Division, led by Lieutenant General Leslie Morshead, played a key role in two of these battles, enhancing its reputation earned defending Tobruk during 1941. The Australians took many casualties but their attack was to change the course of the battle.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_13',117,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_14',117,'0','1'])); Rommel became convinced that the main thrust of Montgomery’s attack would be near the Mediterranean and he moved a large amount of his Afrika Korps there. Rommel put tank against tank – but his men were hopelessly outnumbered. We pay our respects to elders past and present. why so many soldiers survived the trenches, how Pack Up Your Troubles became the viral hit. He ordered his tanks north and he was then helped by nature. To cope with Montgomery’s attack, the Germans had 110,000 men and 500 tanks. The Allies had placed a huge number of land mines south of El Alamein at Alam Halfa. The start of the Allied attack on Rommel was code-named “Operation Lightfoot”. The Battle of El Alamein, fought in the deserts of North Africa, is seen as one of the decisive victories of World War Two. Churchill grasped the bull by the horns./ he dismissed Auchinleck and replaced him with. Therefore ‘Monty’ knew not only Rommel’s plan but also the route of his supply lines. Rommel knew that a major attack was inevitable, and did his best to prepare for it. The…. By the summer of 1942, the Allies were in trouble throughout Europe. The Australians took many casualties but their attack was to change the course of the battle. Before dawn on 10 July the 9th Division launched an attack on the northern flank and succeeded in taking the important high ground around Tel el Eisa. He launched ‘Operation Supercharge’. The stretch of cleared land for the tanks proved to be Montgomery’s Achilles heel. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. The Battle of El Alamein, fought in the deserts of North Africa, is seen as one of the decisive victories of World War Two.The Battle of El Alamein was primarily fought between two of the outstanding commanders of World War Two, Montgomery, who succeeded the dismissed Auchinleck, and Rommel.The Allied victory at El Alamein lead to the retreat of the Afrika Korps and the German … Each stretch of land cleared of mines was to be 24 feet – just enough to get a tank through in single file. Rommel was plagued by illness and departed for hospital in Germany on 23 September, leaving General Georg von Stumme in command of a depleted Panzerarmee. Just one non-moving tank could hold up all the tanks that were behind it. The Allies intercepted his message and Montgomery had the deciphered note in his hands by the next morning. At the start of the real attack, Montgomery sent a message to all the men in the Eighth Army: The start of the Allied attack on Rommel was code-named “Operation Lightfoot”. Australians were also present in the DAF, flying with of Nos. Many of the anti-tank mines would not be tripped by soldiers running over them – they were too light (hence the code-name). In fact, they were Sherman tanks – 300 of them to assist the Allies. He was described as “as quick as a ferret and about as likeable.” Montgomery put a great deal of emphasis on organisation and morale.
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